A twelve-step program is a set of guiding principles outlining a course of action for recovery from addiction , compulsion , or other behavioral problems. As summarized by the American Psychological Association , the process involves the following: . Twelve-step methods have been adapted to address a wide range of alcoholism, substance-abuse and dependency problems. Over self-help organizations—often known as fellowships —with a worldwide membership of millions—now employ twelve-step principles for recovery. Narcotics Anonymous was formed by addicts who did not relate to the specifics of alcohol dependency. Demographic preferences related to the addicts’ drug of choice has led to the creation of Cocaine Anonymous , Crystal Meth Anonymous and Marijuana Anonymous. Auxiliary groups such as Al-Anon and Nar-Anon , for friends and family members of alcoholics and addicts, respectively, are part of a response to treating addiction as a disease that is enabled by family systems. Co-Dependents Anonymous CoDA addresses compulsions related to relationships, referred to as codependency. Bob”, in Akron, Ohio. In they formally established the twelve traditions to help deal with the issues of how various groups could relate and function as membership grew.
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